For centuries, wheels were crafted from stone or wood, without any covering. A bit later, leather was added to them to smoothen the ride. Much later, there was the addition of solid-rubber iterations. It was in the late 1800s that cars were invented, and their invention paved the way for pneumatic or air-filled tyres. As you can see, the tyres that are a part of your vehicle have a history that runs quite deep.
During the 19th century, tyre rubber came mainly from rubber trees. But with the dawn of the 20th century, cars became relatively inexpensive. Their increased demand also caused more need for rubber. Today, modern Car Tyres Wolverhampton have around 19 per cent natural rubber, while synthetic rubber makes up 24 per cent. Tyre production is a process that impacts the environment significantly. But you can do your bit for the environment by disposing of your old tyres in an environmental-friendly way.
Tyres – What Are They Made of?
When it comes to a tyre, there is always more than what meets the eye. It is more than just a piece of rubber. It has a highly complex nature, and a lot goes into its construction. Here is a list of the elements that make up a tyre.
Close to 19 per cent of the tyre gets created from natural rubber.
The primary synthetic rubber polymers that go into the manufacturing process are butadiene and styrene-butadiene rubber. As mentioned before, they comprise around 24 per cent of the tyre. Their properties result in the ultimate tyre performance like traction, wear, and rolling resistance.
Steel wire is for beads and tyre belts. The belts that are below tread enhance wear performance and tyre handling. This they do by making the tyre casing more rigid. The tyre is locked onto the wheel with a bead wire.
Fabric or textile cords reinforce the tyre. Because of fabrics like polyester cord, nylon cord, aramid, and rayon cord, a tyre acquires a dimensional strength.
For strengthening the rubber, fillers like silica and carbon black are used. They boost tyre properties like tear, tensile strength, and rolling resistance.
Antioxidants in tyres prevent the rubber from getting destroyed due to harsh temperature and oxygen exposure.
Antiozonants are utilized to stop the impact of a tyre’s exposure to ozone.
Rubber is altered into a solid state during the process of tyre curing. It occurs mainly due to the usage of ingredients like sulphur and zinc oxide.
Rubber in Tyres
Rubber is utilized heavily by the tyre industry. In the past, the rubber out of which tyres were made came from Hevea trees. This tree is found in Brazil. Fast forward to now, natural rubber forms a lesser part of the rubber utilized in tyres. A synthetic rubber that employs materials like crude oil is mostly used.
Rubber in car tyres has been used since time immemorial. Its properties make it ideal for being used in a tyre. This material is firm but has adequate flexibility, through which it can perform many functions. It is also a very user-friendly material.
Rubber Options Today
Technology, as we know, is fast developing and touches every single sphere. Tyres are no exception to it. Today, alternative options and newer variants of rubbers are developed to make the tyres more performance-oriented. Many renowned tyre brands are experimenting with Guayule, which is a desert shrub. This shrub can be seen in many states in the southern U.S and Mexico. Guayule rubber demonstrates an option to obtain more significant amounts of natural rubber for tyre manufacturing effortlessly.
There are other variants in this category, too, like biosynthetic rubbers and microscopic studies. Companies are rapidly developing new and better varieties of tyre rubber to maximize efficiency.
What to Do with Old Tyres
You can repurpose old tyres with the addition of new treads in them. Retreading represents a great option to employ a tyre carcass and other undamaged components of the tyre.
You can also recycle old tyres by breaking them into numerous parts. Recycled tyre rubber can be put to various good uses. There is also much that you can do to recycle the tyres. Just know how to store them, replace them, and transition to a suitable pair of tyres according to the season.