An Overview on Tyres and their Structure

Among the various auto parts constituting a vehicle, tyres are of great significance. That is because they are responsible for providing traction on the road. Without them, your car or SUV cannot move forward. If you are a driver, you make use of tyres every day. But you likely do not know much about them. In this article, you will learn about Winterbanden Utrecht with emphasis on both their origin and current usage.

Structural features of tyres:

In terms of structure, a tyre closely resembles a circular ring. It is made from rubber, which is tinted black. On fitting it over a steel or alloy rim, you get a complete wheel. In current times, most tyres are pneumatic. That means they are filled with air, which sustains the vehicle weight.

The tyre substrate consists primarily of natural rubber. However, artificial rubber, textile, and other chemicals are usually added into the mix to make the material more durable. Carbon black is almost always used to give a tyre its characteristic black colour.

Each tyre constitutes a body and a tread. The body holds the air at a certain pressure and may or may not have a tube. Consisting of numerous grooves, channels, and sipes, the tread grips the road surface.

History of tyres:

The concept of tyres has prevailed for a long time. Before the invention of rubber, the substance we now consider quintessential for tyre making, metal was used. A metal ring would be heated, allowing it to expand temporarily. It would then be fitted over a wooden wheel rim and allowed to cool. Slowly, it would contract back to its original volume, hugging the wheel tight. Although such tyres are impractical for most modern vehicles, they are still used in locomotives and railroad cars.

The next generation of tyres utilised the newly-invented rubber material. These were completely solid and can still be found in lawnmowers, wheelbarrows, etc.

The present-day tyres have come into existence after improving the above varieties. Various technologies are invented and utilised every day to enhance their quality further.

Types of tyres:

Tyres have to carry the entire weight of the vehicle. So, clearly, load-carrying capacity is a significant feature. Based on this, tyres can be categorised into light or moderate duty tyres and heavy-duty tyres.

Light or moderate-duty tyres are primarily used for on-road travel. That means they are fitted on standard cars, SUVs, and lightweight trucks. The light-duty tyres can support 250 to 300 kgs, while the moderate-duty ones can bear 500 to 1500 kgs.

Varying the rubber composition and tread pattern changes a tyre’s ability to perform under different road conditions. In doing so with light and moderate duty tyres, we obtain different subtypes of tyres. These include:

  • Summer tyres, which provide adequate grip on wet and dry heated pavements.

  • Winter tyres, which supply the required traction on roads covered in snow and ice.

  • All-season tyres, which work in both hot and cold climates if the temperatures are not too extreme.

  • All-terrain tyres, which can run on both on and off-road terrains.

  • Run-flat tyres, which can run even after a puncture at a limited speed for a certain distance.

Trucks and other heavy off-road vehicles cannot run on light or medium-duty tyres. They need specialised heavy-duty radials that can sustain their weights for long periods. A typical set can carry around 1,800 to 2,500 kgs.

Size of tyres:

Aside from the load-carrying capacity, size is a critical parameter in tyre fitment. The dimensions of the tyre to be mounted must match the recommended specifications. You can find this information in the sidewall of the original tyre equipment and the manufacturer’s handbook. The format looks something like this sort: 225-40 R 19 93-Y. In this particular example, 225 indicates the tyre width when measured in millimetres. The height of the tyre is 40 percent of its width. R, which stands for radial bias-ply, implies the type of tyre construction. The rim corresponding to this tyre should be 19 inches wide in diameter. 93 and Y indicate the load and speed ratings of this tyre.

Goedkope banden Utrecht forms an integral part of every vehicle on the road. Keeping their origin story in mind, they have come a long way. But there is still progress to be made, especially in regards to their durability and disposal.