The brakes of your car rely on many components working in tandem with each other to function properly. The most vital components of your car’s braking system include – hydraulic system, brake rotors/drums, callipers, and brake pads/shoes. On average, a regular car’s wheels can reach up to a speed of 850 rpm; stopping that with friction alone requires a tremendous amount of mechanical force.
Since the brakes sustain tremendous mechanical force repeatedly, some components may start to malfunction over time. Let’s look at the common problems that may face with your car’s brakes.
Common issues with car brakes
Loss of friction –
Presence of grease and oil on the surfaces where friction pads make contact with the rotors will reduce the friction. Moreover, worn-out brake pads can also be a cause for friction loss.
Damaged rotor discs –
Being metal components, the rotors are suspect to corrosion as they often come in contact with water, mud and slurry. Furthermore, they continually sustain a high amount of heat and friction which can cause them to become warped or develop ‘hot-spots’ overtime.
Stuck calliper –
The brake callipers clamp on the rotors from two sides and press the friction pads firmly against it. Now, a set of pistons that actuate with pressure from the hydraulics causes the callipers to clamp on the disc. Any fault in these pistons will fail to move the callipers accurately and may even keep them stuck in one place, causing significant difficulty in driving. Thus, when your cars brake’s callipers go haywire, you must seek help for brake repair in Totton.
Loss of hydraulic pressure –
Fluid leakage from your car’s brake system from the fluid lines, master cylinder, pistons will compromise the brake’s efficiency. A spongy or loosed brake pedal is the most common sign of fluid leakage.
Out of all the above problems, friction loss due to worn-out pads is the most common reason. When you continue to drive with eroded brake pads, it’ll lead to multiple problems.
What happens when brake pads are eroded?
The brake pads are the first point of contact between the callipers and rotors. Thus, when they are worn-out, the callipers clamp on the rotors instead. As a result, the rotors can become warped or cracked over time.
Loss of friction results in increased braking distance. You will also notice your vehicle nose-diving when braking. Consequently, this induces more stress on the suspension parts and causes them to malfunction.
Defective brakes don’t work as smoothly as functioning ones. So you end up hard braking, which takes a toll on your car’s tyres. Isolated spot damage, unevenly eroded treads are the consequences of frequent abrupt braking. So, if you’ve been driving for a while with defective brakes, be sure fit your car with new tyres in Totton after a brake repair.
Tips to maintain car brakes
Choose brake pads of appropriate materials after carefully considering your driving habits. For example, semi-metallic brake pads last longer so they are more economical even though they do not provide as much braking prowess as ceramic pads.
Regularly inspect the hydraulic fluid levels of your brake system, and ensure that it’s never below the optimal mark.
Don’t overload your car, as it puts additional stress on your brakes.
Now that you are aware of the repercussions of driving with worn out brake pads seek professional help when you observe the signs of a defective brake. You can head over to garages such as Totton Tyre & Exhaust offer best in class brake repair service.