It is a truth universally accepted that tyres are an indispensable part of vehicles. They help in cushioning against road bumps, cracks, uneven surfaces, etc. It is because of their resistance, our road journeys are blissful. Nonetheless, one should take care of and maintain their vehicle tyres regularly.
Tyre has many components like tread, sidewall, etc. Among the components, the camber also holds a significant part. It is the angle of each wheel in relation to the road. Specifically, the camber is how much inward and outward tilt each wheel has when faced in the front direction. The angle is measured on the vertical axis. Camber plays an important role in wheel alignment. It is one of the three components in wheel alignment, i.e. camber, caster, and toe.
Camber and vehicle motion, what’s the relation?
Camber in simpler terms is the difference in the wheels’ vertical alignment perpendicular to the surface. If a wheel is perfectly perpendicular to the surface, its camber would be 0 degrees. It can be positive and negative, each having its own consequences.
Camber is described as negative when the top of the tyres tilts inward. On the other hand, when the top of the tyres tilts away from the vehicle it is considered positive.
Tyre wearing is impacted by the type of camber and its aligned angle. Basically, camber is used in distributing load across the entire tread. Improper camber can make the tyre wear on one edge. It can cause the vehicle to push towards the side of positive camber. In the case of 0 camber, the wearing would be uniform. This impacts the lifespan of tyres and ensures their longevity.
Effects of Positive and Negative Camber
Positive camber helps in the easier turning of the wheels. It is especially useful on off-road vehicles and large machinery like tractors. The positive camber angle helps to minimize the amount of steering effort. A negative camber setting can provide increased handling during heavy cornering. However, it generally reduces the contact surface between the tyres and the road surface during straight-ahead driving. It is usually preferred by aggressive drivers.
Cambers are a vital part of the vehicle system. Tyre camber significantly affects the safe operation of your vehicle. Driving becomes cumbersome when your steering feels too loose or too tight. Besides excessive negative camber or positive camber will wear your tyres unevenly. This can thereby cause excess strain on your suspension components.
Tyre camber needs proper care too!
Tire camber is hard to see with the naked eye. There can be several symptoms due to positive or negative camber. When steering becomes difficult, the tyre gets excessive or uneven wear or there is damage to Tyres Sutton in Ashfield or wheel, it needs attention. For a normal and safe camber, alignment of wheels needs to be checked.
The camber can be affected or damaged during bumpy roads, potholes or accidents. They should be checked regularly in case you discover any unusual behaviour.
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