Problems like uneven tread abrasion, poor fuel economy and vibrations in the car chassis indicate issues with multiple vehicle components. Wheel imbalance may be one of the primary reasons for these issues. If you have been noticing these problems in your car, see to the fact that your wheel’s balance is being checked while you avail your next car servicing.
Ideally, the entire weight of the tyre should be evenly distributed around the circumference. Isolated heavy spots in the tyres will generate unbalanced forces while the wheel spins. These forces may exert an additional torque on the axle of your car. Also, the wheels will deviate from a perfect axial rotation because of uneven weight distribution.
Few things to keep in mind to prevent wheel unbalance
Drive with caution
Driving carelessly through rough, jagged roads can damage the tyres. Hitting sharp obstacles and frequent emergency braking will also induce localised tread abrasion. This results in unequal mass distribution in the tyre body. Hence, careful driving will prevent wheel unbalances.
Maintain the right wheel alignment angles
Improper wheel alignment angles, like excess positive camber, induce uneven tyre tread abrasion. Naturally, this will result in an uneven distribution of weight around the tyres.
The best time to do a wheel balancing is during a tyre rotation. You should get an idea of the steps in this procedure, as it will help you to monitor the process better.
Steps of wheel balancing
The unbalanced tyre is mounted on a balancing machine.
The balancing machine spins it and measures the magnitude of any excessive vibration. With this data, the technician can locate the spots causing the imbalance. Also, the technician will understand how much weight to add, and where to add it, on the tyre body.
According to the results, a technician will apply zinc, aluminium, steel or lead weights opposite to the stiff areas to balance the wheel.
Sometimes adding balancing weights is not enough, and rotating the tyres is necessary.
Types of wheel balance
A static imbalance is when the centre of mass of the entire wheel is not on its axis of rotation. In practical terms, this happens when there is heavier or a lighter spot on the tyre body; this causes the wheels to undergo an up-and-down motion.
Dynamic imbalance is a result of unequal weight distribution on the lateral centre line. Here, unevenly dense masses are present on one or both side of the tyre/wheel assembly that leads to a wobbling motion.
Dynamic wheel balancing in Wolverhampton can rectify both these types. Dynamic balancing is a relatively modern method, and technicians use computerised wheel balancer machine for this procedure. This spin balancer machine shows how much weight the technician should add, and on which spot to add them to resolve the issue. Dynamic balancing method takes care of all sorts of imbalances and is preferred over static balancing.
So, when you notice issues that are indicative of unbalanced tyres in Wolverhampton, positively visit a garage that provides wheel balancing service. A professional garage like Auto Surefit can do wheel balancing of your car efficiently. You can visit them for car repair services, and purchasing tyres.