Step-By-Step Guide To Balancing Of Tyre And Wheel Assemblies

Driving your vehicle on unbalanced wheels can harm your vehicle, tyre, and you. Equal weight distribution throughout the wheel of your vehicle is essential in order to get a smooth ride. Even the slightest imbalance of wheels can adversely affect the advanced performance, ride comfort, fuel efficiency, and tyre longevity of your highly tuned and modern cars or SUVs. Unlike those old-school bubble balancers, the modern tyre/wheel balancers come with numerous advanced computer-generated and automatic characteristics. These features such as multiple balancing modes, direct drive motors, laser guides, auto-starting, self static balancing, and weight storage bins have made the entire process of wheel balancing quite effortless. In this article, we will try to answer your questions related to wheel balancing with the help of this write-up. Let’s begin with a few basics:

Wheel balancing is a must when:

  • A tyre is repaired, especially the punctured one

  • The weights put during balancing are shifted or fall off the tyre

  • Your tyres are replaced, or new tyres are fitted in your vehicle

  • Your vehicle shakes and sways on high speed (over 80mph)

  • You hear funny noises (buzzing or humming sound) while accelerating your vehicle

Under the process of wheel balancing, the wheels are seated on a balancer machine. Like assembly balancing methods, weights used for balancing purposes also come in a variety. Few standard clip-on weights are added to the rim to ensure that everything is balanced. Then the wheels are refitted to the vehicle. Unbalanced wheels disturb your drive a great deal. Here we are going to discuss the factors that could cause unbalanced mass distribution around the wheel. These include:

  • Uneven tire wear or/and abnormal wear patterns or wear caused by inadequate tyre pressure

  • Tyre weight fell off

  • Movement of the tyre on its rim

  • Debris stuck in tyre treads or mud deposited on the wheel

  • Warped out or bent wheel

  • Weary wheel with lateral run out or damaged wheel rim

  • Uneven crown tread thickness around the carcass

  • Manufacturing Defect

  • Excessive tread wear over a relatively small section of the tyre, caused by wheel lock during braking

  • Erroneous tyre assembly on wheel relative to the valve

At the time of manufacturing, the tyres are tested for static as well as dynamic balance. However, every tyre is not directly tested. Tires failing to measure up in any of the two factors will not be considered. The tyre/wheel assemblies can be balanced in multiple ways depending on the machines a repair shop has. Below are the steps followed in the wheel balancing process using the latest automated equipment:

Step 1. After positioning the tyre concentrically on the balancer, the tyre is inflated as per the recommended pressure. Then the machine is awakened by resetting it with the help of standard clip-on wheel weight areas.

Step 2. Cleaning the mounting surface completely. This includes removal of all kinds of debris, mud, dirt, or snow from outside and inside of the tyre walls; most importantly free the wheels from the weights that are already attached to them (if any).

Step 3. After cleaning the tyre surface, the wheel assembly is lifted and kept onto a balancing shaft using the most suitable mounting method out of three (Back Cone, Front Cone, and Pin-Plate).

Step 4. Feed the wheel dimensions ‘A’ (offset), ‘W’ (width) & ‘D’ (diameter) into your machine’s computer before you begin balancing.

Step 5. Drag the offset arm to the wheel and hold it against the wheel flange at clip-on weight position until a beep sound comes and put the arm back to its initial position.

Step 6. Lower down the hood and spin the wheel to check ‘W’ using plastic callipers for manual entry. Key the width dimension manually by pressing ‘W’ on the keyboard. Lift the hood once the tyre halts.

Step 7. Attach inboard corrective weight when the inboard centre bar blinks and press NEXT to rotate the wheel.

Step 8. Attach outboard corrective weight when the outboard centre bar blinks and bring the hood down to respin.

Trust Your Vibes And Visit Us For Wheel Balancing Blackburn

It’s not that simple to guess the balancing issues if you drive your car at the speed of 50mph as your vehicle gives the vibration signs at more than 50mph or at a higher speed. On noticing any of the other signs such as humming sound, abnormal or uneven tyre wear, too much pothole hitting, and pressure fluctuations, or to check and fix wheel balancing and concerning issues, bring your vehicle to Nil’s Tyres Blackburn. We are a perfect hub of tyre repair services with highly-skilled mechanics equipped with ultra-modern machines.