Like the human body, tyres, too, may have moods that change as the season of the year changes. They don’t perform similarly in two different seasons. So as to speak, tyres have their seasons, winter or summer, when they perform best.
Impact of Temperature on Tyres: In a country like the United Kingdom, the average winter temperature is between 2 and 7 degrees Celsius, which may often drop to sub-zero level. The summer temperature ranges between 9 and 18 degrees Celsius; it may hit the 30-degrees Celsius mark. So it happened in mid-August 2020 when the hottest daytime temperature was recorded at 36.4 degrees Celsius, reminding the Brits of the deadly heatwave of 2003.
Do these extreme temperatures have an adverse impact on the overall performance of your tyres and, as a result, driving experience?
Yes, they certainly do have an adverse impact.
Let’s discuss how the winter and summer impact tyres.
In winter, very low temperatures may greatly reduce the grip levels of the tyres of your vehicle. This happens because the air in your tyres contracts in cold weather. This leads to a drop in pressure therein. It is estimated that for every 10 degrees drop in temperature, each of your tyres may lose 1 pound of pressure. With the loss of grip, you may have problems manoeuvring the car while driving, as the tyres lose their ability to stick to the ground. This also increases braking distance, and your car may skid to your peril.
A low temperature may also impact the constitution of your tyres negatively. Rubber tends to become more rigid and brittle under cold weather conditions. This may cause them to crack at places, increasing the maintenance cost. So, you have tyres specially designed to cope with plummeting temperature and mitigate its negative impact on the vehicle’s overall performance. The secret lies in using a rubber compound that stays soft and pliable in temperatures below 7 degrees Celsius.
Summer season, contrarily, brings in its own set of problems, which may adversely impact the tyres and, as a result, your vehicle’s performance. Heat causes the air pressure in your tyres to shoot up. This leads Tyres Port Talbot to expand. As in winter, every 10 degrees increase in temperature may add 1 pound of pressure to a tyre. It may lead the tyre to blow out, putting your life to danger.
Hot weather also increases friction to a great extent causing tyres to wear out sooner than expected and underperform.
It is more sensible to replace tyres with specially designed ones to withstand and perform better under rising temperatures in summer.
How summer tyres help you? Certainly. They use a hard and stable rubber compound, which provides both grip and traction on dry and wet roads. In addition, their tread pattern aids precision on the road. Further, they have fewer sipes or grooves than their winter counterparts and specially designed tread bars to minimize aquaplaning – a phenomenon where a thin layer of water builds in your tyres which may cause them to lose grip on the road increasing the braking distance. These features provide more grip to them both longitudinally and horizontally on the road.
Summer tyres have a simple block-shaped tread pattern, which allows them a larger footprint, ensuring an excellent handling experience. However, this has a good deal of impact on the braking distance as well.
And then there are all-season tyres. But they may or may not perform optimally or to your satisfaction in extreme weathers.
Port Talbot has a warm and temperate climate. There is a lot of rain in Port Talbot, even when you have the driest month there. With this kind of weather, you can always go for Summer Tyres Port Talbot to avoid aquaplaning and ensure you have an enjoyable handling experience.