Tread Features & Patterns: Major Components of A Tyre

Tyres were invented in the early 1800s and were majorly made up of leather. Early day tyres were no more than iron or steel placed on wooden wheels that were used in wagons and carts. These ring-shaped components that surround the rim of a wheel were at first used on bicycles. After all these modern pneumatic tyres started to being made from synthetic rubber, natural rubber, fabric, and wire along with other chemical compounds. The tread of the tyre provides traction, while the body provides containment for compressed air.

The right tread is an essential feature for any tyre as it stays in contact with the road surface. The correct tyre treads result in improved car steering ability, traction, and durability of the tyre itself. The choice of suitable tread patterns can provides adequate driving comfort, reduces the tyre noise levels, and enhances the fuel economy of the car.


1. Tread Rib

They create circumferential grooves in the tyre that appear as ribs in the tread for traction on wet and dry roads. They are designed for the passenger as well as commercial vehicles.

2. Sipes

They are the smallest tread features on the tyre surface. These small slots cut into the tread are meant to increase traction in mud, snow, ice, and wet road surfaces.

3. Tread Groove

They are designed to allow water to get expelled from beneath the tyre, ultimately preventing hydroplaning. They also provide sufficient skid resistance for driving in wet conditions.

4. Tread Lugs

They are the raised portion of a tyre’s tread offering support, stability, enhanced performance, and capabilities while driving. They may be of varied shapes, sizes, and materials depending on the manufacturer.

5. Tread Voids

They are the gaps in between the raised tread blocks on the tyres that ensure responsive handling, resilience, and safety on wet roads. They also provide more flexibility to the tyres redcard, allowing them to adjust to different driving conditions.


1. Lug Shape

These provide a firm grip on accelerating or braking at higher speeds. They, however, can produce an extreme amount of noise while driving above a certain speed. They could be found on the rear wheels of vehicles been driven on dirt roads.

2. Rib Pattern

Despite providing a reasonable steering control and stability to the car at high speeds, they tend to have a poor grip on wet roads exhibiting lower rolling resistance. They are designed for vehicles driven on hard road surfaces.

3. Mixed Rib-Lug Shape

This mixed pattern offers the best of both, and hence, their design supports vehicles being driven on paved and dirt roads.

4. Asymmetric Shape

The bigger blocks on the outside help improve stability while the car proceeds to turn, even at high speed. The series of grooves help disperse the water outwards, making them suitable for more aggressive driven styles.

5. Block Shape

Due to the numerous grooves, this shape exhibits effective water dispersal properties along with stability on snow-covered roads.

6. Directional Pattern

These are the right choice for fast driving styles as they offer excellent traction.

To know more about Tyres Lingdale, visit us, at Easington Service Station. You could have a look at our range of high-quality tyres and make a choice as per your requirement.

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