A tyre is vital for your car. Your car moves on the ground just because of the round shape of your tyres. However, this fact is not a complete truth for modern tyres. Advanced tyres are not only responsible for the movement but actually, they also define the performance of your car as well.
While you are on the road with your tyres, your Bridgestone Tyres Tadley are playing a vital role to carry the load of your vehicle. Moreover, your tyres are absorbing the shocks coming from the bumpy surface and keeping the vehicle stable as well.
In this blog, we will talk about some common things about tyres because of their importance.
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Materials that make a tyre
Usually, tyre makers use natural rubber material to make a tyre. Natural rubber comes from rubber trees. Nowadays, tyre manufacturers have started to use synthetic rubber as well in tyre manufacturing. Apart from a natural and synthetic rubber material, a lot of components like carbon black, silica, metal, fabric and other chemicals are also used to make the final shape of a tyre.
Slick tyres and treaded tyres
If you observe the surface of tyres, mostly the tyres are treaded. They have certain patterns and designs on their surface. Tyres come without a tread pattern as well but they are only used in racing tracks. Indeed, racing tyres do not have a tread pattern to improve grip and traction on the racing surface.
However, conditions on roads are different for passenger cars. Therefore, the passenger tyres have treaded on their body. A properly designed tread pattern saves the tyres from skidding and keeps the vehicle stable on the roads.
There are three following types of tread patterns:
Directional tread pattern:
A directional tread pattern is ideal for high-performance cars. Tyres with directional tread patterns run on wet roads efficiently. This pattern has an arrow-shaped design that is quite effective to displace extra water in wet conditions. So, tyre manufacturers use this pattern to make the vehicle effective against aquaplaning. You can see this pattern in winter and all-season tyres.
Symmetrical tread pattern:
As the name suggests, both sides of this pattern are identical. These tyres offer low road noise and also come with a low level of rolling resistance. Therefore, this pattern makes the tyres more fuel-efficient.
Asymmetrical tread pattern:
These tyres have different designs on both inner and outer sides. Each pattern is there with a specific goal. The inner part of the tread pattern is responsible for proper protection against aquaplaning. On the other hand, the outer side provides proper grip on dry roads.
Treadwear and tread depth
The tread pattern is not stable for always. Your tyres will experience tread wear over time due to factors like heat, friction, and weather. In the UK, the minimum legal tread depth is 1.6mm. You cannot drive your car if you do not have proper tread on your tyres.
In fact, driving on bald tyres is extremely dangerous. You would not be able to get proper traction on the road surface if the tread depth is not at its optimum level.
Bald tyres are more prone to punctures and they are usually heated easily. Moreover, a thinner bald wall of tyres will invite blowouts in the middle of the road surface.
Thus, ensure a proper tread depth to get proper performance from your tyres.
Air pressure and your tyres
If you look at your tyres, they have an air-filled tube that is essential to carry the weight of your vehicle. The air inside the tyres creates pressure to provide a tyre with its shape.
According to your user manual, you need to keep the air pressure at a specified level. Under-inflated and over-inflated tyres will greatly affect the performance of your tyres and vehicle.
Low air pressure in your tyres will cause an increased contact area between the road and your tyres. As a result, more friction and heat will take place to promote tread wear. Moreover, low air pressure is not sufficient in wet conditions because of the threat of aquaplaning.
Excessive air pressure in tyres will make your drive more difficult because of over-inflation. Over-inflated tyres show more tread wear in the middle part. Moreover, tyres with excessive air pressure will be more dangerous in wet conditions because of the decreased contact area.
As you see, different factors function together to ensure the proper performance of your vehicle. Thus, you have to bring these factors in perfect balance to ensure the long life and improved performance of Tyres Tadley.