Why are Tread Patterns so Important?

You perhaps already know what tread is: an essential part of your tyres and the only one that indeed contacts the road. Although, what you may not know yet is that there are several different types of tread pattern and each one of them has a specific function. Each tread pattern can impact the way your tyres function, for example, the way they cope with different road conditions and how much grip they provide.


Let’s dive into the components of some tread patterns alongside the three most typical kinds you may find when you search for a new set of Vauxhall Tyres Northampton: asymmetric tread, directional tread, and symmetric tread. 

It is essential to comprehend that all tyres come in several sizes which can determine how a tyre will perform, their suitability, and handling for a particular vehicle and your specific driving needs. Experts recommend checking the vehicle’s manual to understand better what type of tyres are appropriate for your car. This information can also be found on your tyre’s sidewall.

Comfortable and Cost-Efficient: Symmetric Patterns

The most useful and common type of tread pattern is better known as the symmetric tread. In these kinds of patterns and shapes, the blocks create continuous ribs all-around your tyres, and the inner and outer sides are symmetric—in other words, they mirror one another.

Tyres using symmetric tread might use any rotation technique – both front-to-back and vice versa. On some occasions, you will hear that some people refer to symmetric tread as multi-directional. The reason for this is that these tyres are easy-to-fit on the rim and easy to rotate in every direction without interfering with their overall performance.

Improved Performance in All Type of Road Conditions: Asymmetric Tread

Another tread commonly found on many cars is called an asymmetric pattern. These kinds of tread patterns feature an outer and inner halves which are created using different tread blocks and channels. This design improves the performance, as well as water dispersal, dry grip, as well as snow traction. They also offer more reliable performance and control in most weather conditions.

Usually, the left side of this tread features larger tread blocks which offer extra contact with the road, delivering extra stability and grip on wet and dry roads. On the other hand, the right side features much more channels, as well as smaller blocks to help to channel water and snow away, delivering improved traction, especially on wet roads. Keep in mind that only specific rotation patterns can be used in this kind of Tyres Northampton.

Directional Patterns: Build to Outperform

Some tread patterns were created for spinning in only one way. These are referred to as directional patterns. They are usually used in high-performance, and sometimes winter tyres. Directional tread patterns feature a unique V-shaped form which helps them remove water more effectively to help increase hydroplaning resistance, especially at faster speeds. They are optimised for handling throughout the year and in most climates.

Since these channels will work only when the V’s are perfectly oriented, once your tyres are installed, the directional tread patterns will only be able to be rotated by utilising a specific pattern. Most of the time, they will include an arrow located on the side of your tyre, showing in which direction they have to roll when mounted on your vehicle.

If you need to learn more about tread patterns or are still wondering which of these will best suit your vehicle, you can contact your local mechanic for more information.

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